A senior security consultant for Verizon Communications, Emblez Longoria is an outdoorsman who enjoys fishing, hiking, and backcountry camping in his spare time. Throughout his adventures, Emblez Longoria has gained a wealth of knowledge in wilderness survival skills.
Outdoorsmen must adapt to their surroundings and possess comprehensive knowledge of survival skills in order to tackle new environments. The following are survival tips to consider when faced with tough conditions and emergency situations.
1. Even with the best preparation, hikers are still susceptible to injuries when exploring the wilderness. Whether suffering a sprained ankle or broken bone, hikers should remain calm by breathing deeply, collect their thoughts, and determine the severity of the issue. If leaving the location is impossible, they should focus on setting up shelter and then plan an escape by building a signal fire. Most importantly, injured hikers must stay focused on accomplishing one task at a time to ensure they do not become overwhelmed with anxiety. This gives them a better chance of surviving.
2. Learning how to identify edible plants can be lifesaving when food is not available. Clovers, for instance, are much like spinach. The three-leaf green can be consumed raw or steamed for nutrients. Likewise, pine tree leaves offer a source of vitamin C, while its pollen is rich in protein. Other consumable wilderness plants include daisies, yucca, and cattail.
3. If lost, hikers can use the moon to place them back in the right direction. A first-quarter moon shines brightly on the side facing west. Conversely, a last-quarter moon illuminates on the east. This method works particularly well when stars are not visible.
Experienced security professional Emblez Longoria specializes in implementing protective measures for Verizon Communications. He strives to maintain a secure workplace by raising awareness of proper security procedures and coaching key individuals. An avid backpacker, hiker, and hunter, Emblez Longoria spends as much of his spare time as possible outdoors.
Wilderness living often implies an ability to convert ice and snow into water properly. When attempting to melt snow, do not fill the heating pan to the top, as you could burn a hole in the bottom of the pan on account of snow’s insular properties. Instead, heat but a small amount, adding additional small amounts over time. If you are concerned about the possibility of germs in the melted water, boil it for at least 10 minutes.
To melt snow without the benefit of a heat-proof pan, improvise with, for example, a t-shirt to create a porous container. Support this container over the fire with sticks or skis so that it will melt into a collection container.
If you have no heating fuel, look on dark rocks where snow and ice are likely to melt from the heat of the sun. Listen for the sound of running water. Collect the water in bottles during the day, when it is more plentiful, and store them in your sleeping bag to prevent their freezing.
Avoid, if possible, sucking on ice or snow. Doing so lowers your core temperature and increases your risk of hypothermia.
An expert in business, Emblez Longoria holds a master of science with a concentration in management. In 2004, he joined Verizon Communications as a senior security consultant. Emblez Longoria continues to serve the company today, and he concentrates on deploying enterprise-level solutions to protect company assets. He fills his leisure time with numerous hobbies, including trout fishing and wilderness camping.
Even the most prepared campers sometimes forget necessities such as matches and lighters. Fortunately, a number of other instruments make starting a campfire simple. One method involves a nine-volt battery and steel wool. Hold the steel wool in one hand, and rub the tips of the battery against it with the other until the wool catches fire.
Aside from rubbing two sticks together, a tinderbox presents the most basic method of starting a fire. A tinderbox should include flint, a small slab of steel, several pieces of cloth, and a snarl of twine. Before using the tinderbox, prepare the fire site with kindling and fuel. The easiest way is to place the cloth over the flint and hold it in one hand, lining up the edge of the cloth with the edge of the flint.
Take up the steel and strike the flint’s edge until sparks appear and catch the edge of the cloth. Carefully remove the cloth, place it in the snarl of twine, and blow until the fire grows. Finish by placing the twine in the fire site.
A corporate security consultant by profession, Emblez Longoria enjoys spending much of his free time outdoors. An avid trout fisherman as well as a backpacker and hiker, he is trusted as an equipment tester and reviewer.
While trout fishing is known as one of the most accessible hobbies of its kind, many beginners experience difficulties caused by poor equipment choices. For example, many anglers choose a line that is too heavy for trout fishing. The preferred are monofilament constructions and weigh no more than four pounds in clear water. The line may weigh up to six pounds if the water is cloudy.
Furthermore, successful trout fishers use hooks that are less obtrusive. Single hooks frequently help the fly look more natural and are more humane. Choosing the best fly is equally important, because the visibility of the fly is altered by the water condition. Unlike the hook, the fly should be easily visible to the fish. Many anglers recommend an orange or yellow fly, particularly if the water is less than clear. In this case, the fly should be at least two inches long, although smaller flies may be more suited to clearer waters.
The United States offers a wide variety of game for experienced hunters and beginners alike. In Pennsylvania alone, you can hunt squirrel, rabbit, pheasant, turkey, black bear, elk, deer, bobcat, and other animals. While there are hunting tactics specific to each animal, there are a few basic rules to follow. Below are some general tips for novice hunters:
1. Gun Safety
Avoid accidental injury and even death on the hunt by keeping the gun unloaded until you are ready to use it. On that same note, keep the safety mechanism engaged and your finger off the trigger. In addition to those precautions, keep your firearm pointed in a safe direction away from yourself or anyone else in your hunting party at all times.
2. Keep it Legal
This might sound obvious, but remember to have the proper hunting license before heading out. Know exactly where you can be, when you can be there, what you can shoot, and how much you can take out.
3. Smell and Look Neutral
The only way you will bag a kill is if you manage to outsmart your game and stay hidden. Many animals’ senses of smell are much more powerful than a human’s, so be sure you do not eat, smoke, or do anything else that will leave a distinctive, unnatural scent while wearing your hunting gear. More importantly, understand your surroundings, and you will be able to blend into them.
Security expert Emblez Longoria is an avid outdoorsman and hunter in his home state and abroad. He serves as Senior Security Consultant for Verizon Communications, Inc., a position he has held since 2004.